Bluegrass produces a high-quality, medium- to fine-textured turf, at least when grown in the right climate. In North Carolina, it is well suited for the mountains and can be grown in combination with tall fescue in the piedmont. It is not suitable for use in the coastal plain. Bluegrass prefers fertile, limed, well-drained soils in sun or light shade. Excellent sod results from rhizomes (underground stems) that spread, with most cultivars recuperating from and tolerating pest control measures and moderate levels of traffic. Many new cultivars with improved color, texture, and pest resistance are now commercially available.

As with most cool-season grasses, it is best to broaden the genetic base by planting a blend of two to three cultivars rather than seeding a single cultivar. It is also common for bluegrass to be seeded in combination with tall fescue. The tall fescue enhances drought and heat tolerance, whereas the bluegrass provides finer texture and greater recuperative potential. Generally, bluegrass grows better than tall fescue in moderate shade. When mixed with tall fescue, bluegrass tends to dominate where the soil is limed and the turf is adequately fertilized and mowed fairly short.

Bluegrass should be mowed at a height of 1.5 to 2.5 inches when planted alone. It should be mowed at 2.5 inches or higher when mixed with tall fescue. Seeding rates range from 1 to 2 pounds per 1,000 sq ft. Higher rates can result in weak, thin stands that are more susceptible to disease and high temperature stress. Even though bluegrass may turn brown during a two- to four-week summer drought, it is not necessary to irrigate. Bluegrass recovers well from most droughts, and watering will often increase disease problems.


Dan River Turf

Mitch Mitchell
P. O. Box 122
Pine Hall 27042

Fax: (336)427-5930

Tall Fescue: Piedmont, Water Saver Blend, Titan RX, Escalade

Bluegrass: Thermal Blue Blaze

Tall Fescue / Bluegrass Mix: Kentucky Blue

Essick Sod Farm

Dale or Libby Essick
3026 Abbotts Creek Church Road
Kernersville 27284-8551

Fax: (336)887-0783

Tall Fescue: Falcon IV

Zoysiagrass: Zenith™

Bluegrass: Thermal Blue

Tall Fescue / Bluegrass Mix: Falcon IV Thermal Blue Mix

Piedmont Turf Farm Inc

David McCart
1890 HW Farm Road
Maiden 28650

Fax: (828)428-2093

Tall Fescue: Premium Sod

Bermudagrass: T-10, Tifway 419

Zoysiagrass: Zeon

Bluegrass: Low Mow Blend

Tall Fescue / Bluegrass Mix: JDL Select

Pro Green Inc.

Barry Clark
422 Lost Corner Rd
Morganton 28680

Fax: (828) 430-8876

Bentgrass: Pure Distiction, 007, Washed Sod, L-93, Penncross, A-1

Zoysiagrass: Meyer

Bluegrass: ProPure Blue

Sodco Turf Producers

Matthew Parrish
8625 Mt. Pleasant Church. Rd.
Willow Spring 27592

Fax: (919)552-5944

Tall Fescue: Confederate

Bermudagrass: Tifway 419™

Centipedegrass: Common

Zoysiagrass: Compadre

Bluegrass: Endeavor II

Tall Fescue / Bluegrass Mix: Triple Threat-Coronado TDH, Tarnation GT, Right Kentucky Bluegrass 5%

Turf Mountain Sod, Inc.

Wayne Pittillo
3277 Chimney Rock Road
Hendersonville 28792

Fax: (828) 685-1121

Bermudagrass: NorthBridge

Bluegrass: Barvette, Midnight Star

Tall Fescue: Black Beauty