St. Augustinegrass

St. Augustinegrass spreads by stolons. St. Augustinegrass is a fast-growing turfgrass best adapted to the coastal plain.

Primary Uses

  • residential & commercial lawns
  • parks & recreation


St. Augustinegrass is not tolerant of heavy traffic, compaction, or cold weather.

Seasonal Type: warm-season grass

green-up temperature:

dormancy temperature:

propagation method: vegetative

Seeding is unavailable, so cultivars must be vegetatively planted.



It has a medium- to dark-green color and very coarsely textured leaves.


St. Augustinegrass grows best in fertile, well-drained soils.

Drought Tolerance


It should never receive more than 4 pounds of nitrogen per 1,000 sq ft annually. At high rates of fertilization and irrigation, thatch buildup may become a problem. With proper maintenance, it will provide a dense, lush lawn.

Shade Tolerance: high

St. Augustinegrass is very shade and salt tolerant but is considered the least cold tolerant lawn grass.


Because St. Augustinegrass is fast growing, it needs to be mowed frequently at 2.5 to 4 inches during the growing season using a rotary mower.


The cultivar Raleigh has the best cold tolerance and is well adapted for the eastern side of the piedmont and the western side of the coastal plain.

List of Growers

Vandemark Farms

Ryan Vandermark
9390 NC Hwy 33
NC 27891

Phone: (252) 437-1501
Fax: (252) 437-0228

Bermudagrass: TifTuf, Tifway 419
St. Augustinegrass: Raleigh
Tall Fescue: Triple Threat plus
Zoysiagrass: Compadre

Tidewater Turfgrass Farm LLC

Harold Henriksen
P.O. Box 973
Morehead City NC 28557

Phone: (252) 659-0198

Bermudagrass: Tifway 419
Centipedegrass: Common
St. Augustinegrass: Raleigh
Zoysiagrass: El Toro

Quality Turf Inc

Alfred Wooten
P.O.Box 1548
Burgaw NC 24825

Phone: (910) 259-3064
Fax: (910) 259-3065

Bermudagrass: CelebrationTM, Premier Pro, Premier Pro, Tifdwarf, Tifway 419
Centipedegrass: Common
St. Augustinegrass: Raleigh
Zoysiagrass: Emerald, EmpireTM, Meyer

Oakland Plantation Turf Farm Inc

John Williams
120 Bermuda Drive
Council NC 28434

Phone: (910) 669-2991
Fax: (910) 669-2993

Bermudagrass: CelebrationTM, GN-1, Latitude 36, Tifsport, Tifway 419
Centipedegrass: Common
St. Augustinegrass: Palmetto, Raleigh
Zoysiagrass: EmpireTM, Zorro

Mackilwean Turf Farms

Kenney McIlwean
1004 Washington Post Rd.
New Bern NC 28562

Phone: (252) 637-9261
Fax: (252) 636-1965

Bermudagrass: CelebrationTM, Tifway 419
Centipedegrass: Common
St. Augustinegrass: Raleigh
Zoysiagrass: Cavalier, Compadre, El Toro

Carolina Turf Farms Inc

Scott Benton
1495 St. Pauls Rd
Raeford NC 28376

Phone: (910) 875-6141
Fax: (910) 875-6143

Bermudagrass: CelebrationTM, Latitude 36, NorthBridge, Tifway 419, Tahoma 31
St. Augustinegrass: Palmetto, Raleigh
Zoysiagrass: EmpireTM, Meyer, Innovation
Centipedegrass: Common

Neuse River Turf Farm, LLC

Christopher Jones
4406 Don Lee Road
Arapahoe NC 28510

Phone: 2526390016

Bermudagrass: Tifway 419, NorthBridge
St. Augustinegrass: Raleigh
Centipedegrass: Common
Zoysiagrass: El Toro

Tri-State Turf, Inc.

Celia Richards
P.O. Box 527
Newton Grove NC 28366

Phone: (910) 567-2625
Fax: 9105672928

Bermudagrass: T-10, Tifway 419, Tifgrand, TifTuf, Discovery
Centipedegrass: Common
St. Augustinegrass: Raleigh
Tall Fescue / Bluegrass Mix: JDL Select
Zoysiagrass: Meyer, El Toro, Zeon